Eccentric, madman, or genius? Both with his oeuvre and his provocative manner, Salvador Dalí (19041989) abandoned the boundaries between art and life, originality and commercialism as nearly no other twentieth century artist did. He gave form to his visions of Surrealism, the aesthetic fusion of dream and reality, which manifests itself in delusions, states of fever and intoxication or delirium, in almost all media of art, but also in the way he presented himself. Translating the principles of his so called paranoiac critical method and being recognized all over the world with such motifs as the melting clock, the burning giraffe, or endlessly vast landscapes steeped in cool sunshine, Dalí not only ranks among the most famous painters. He was also one of the first artists who devoted himself to design, cinema, and the sphere of mass media and pursued marketing strategies that have come to be primarily associated with the name of Andy Warhol. Dalí countered the method preferred by the Surrealists around André Breton, who strove to evoke images of the unconscious through a passive state of the ego by means of the écriture automatique, with an ostentatious individualism and reacted polemically to the groups accusations denouncing him as a fascist and his expulsion: I am not a Surrealist. I am Surrealism. Surrealism is not a party or a label; it is a state of mind, unique, to each his own, that can be affected by no party line, taboo, or morality. It is the total freedom to be and the right to absolute dreaming. Surrealism was regarded as a way of living by the multimedia artist, who engaged himself in almost every field of cultural production, designed stage sets, perfume bottles and jewelry, worked with Luis Buñuel, Alfred Hitchcock and Walt Disney, shot commercials, appeared in TV shows, and made his paintings available as cover motifs to Vogue, Harpers Bazaar, and Country House. Dalí made scores of different roles his own and cultivated his appearance which became a trademark and, finally, a caricature.
On the occasion of the artists one hundredth birthday, Peter Bürger wrote: Dalí, who died in 1989, has not found a place in twentieth century art yet. The Kunsthalle Wiens exhibition reaccentuates Dalís controversially perceived production in the mirror of contemporary art and highlights the affinities revealing manifold points of contact with todays art scene: about seventy selected works by Salvador Dalí are confronted with the internationally established positions of Louise Bourgeois, Glenn Brown, Markus Schinwald, and Francesco Vezzoli. The visitor follows the exhibitions course through a mise en scène of atmospheric rooms in which four exemplary artistic positions enter into a dialogue with Dalí for a discussion of current tendencies and variants of Surrealist aesthetics.
The work developed by Markus Schinwald specifically for the exhibition deals with perspective and weightlessness. His installation of a showcase filled with water reminds us of Dalís popularly surreal space of experience at the Worlds Fair in New York in 1939 for which the artist designed a swimming pool with live mermaids. Presented as objects in a kind of cabinet of curiosities, the sculptures and drawings by Louise Bourgeois visualize the psychoanalytic approach to art, the unconscious coming to light in dreams. Glenn Brown thematizes the history of art and the tradition of painting: technically brilliant paintings unfolding illusionist color surfaces center on the concepts of reception and appropriation, post modernism and mannerism. Francesco Vezzolis work takes its inspiration from the phenomenon of renown and relies on medially constructed projection surfaces for fantasies and desires. It is the interest in the visualization of irrational knowledge and the fascination for a world between dream and reality which the selected artists share with Dalí.
Le Surréalisme, cest moi! continues the Kunsthalle Wien
s series of exhibitions which presents the work of major artists from the first half of the twentieth century in a fascinating dialogue between Modernism and present day art based on philosophical, art historical and sociological questions in order to reassess the role of art and the artist in society and popular culture. Dalís still effective impulses and the visionary, often misunderstood aspects of his extraordinarily manifold production have both influenced current surrealist tendencies and anticipated strategies of the art market. An agent provocateur and taboo breaker, Dalí created his own myth and has left an oeuvre whose stylistic multiplicity and unconventional anachronism persistently question the validity of the distinction between avant garde and kitsch against the background of new socio political parameters and the concomitant change of aesthetic values.
Artists: Salvador Dalí and Louise Bourgeois, Glenn Brown, Markus Schinwald, Francesco Vezzoli
Co starring: Philippe Halsman, Jean Michel Othoniel, Eric Schaal, Andy Warhol
Curator: Gerald A. Matt