NEWPORT BEACH, CA.- The Orange County Museum of Art
opens the exhibition Jack Goldstein x 10,000. Organized by OCMA and guest-curated by Philipp Kaiser, the exhibition is the first American retrospective of the Canadian-born artist Jack Goldstein (1945-2003), who spent most of his life in Southern California and became a central figure in the Pictures Generation of the 1970s, which grounded much of its art on the Postmodernist discourse of the time. This extensive exhibition frames Goldstein a pivotal artist of his generation, and showcases his influential paintings and films, while also including many sound recordings, installations, and ephemera. Goldstein's work, considered critical to younger artists now looking back to the 70s and 80s, has been highly influential, and Jack Goldstein x 10,000 provides audiences who may not be familiar with his work an in-depth understanding of its extraordinary breadth. Jack Goldstein x 10,000 opens June 24 and remains on view through September 9, 2012.
"OCMA is delighted to organize this major retrospective, which extends our long-standing commitment to championing essential yet under-recognized artists," stated Director Dennis Szakacs. "Kaiser has produced an exhibition and publication that will be the definitive account of Goldstein for years to come."
The timing for this exhibition is critical for two reasons: first, the artists cult status has grown significantly since his death in 2003, and the resulting mythology around his life has overtaken the radical contribution of his work; second, the gradual institutionalization of those artists associated with the Pictures Generationwhich at its broadest includes Cindy Sherman, Robert Longo, Sherrrie Levine, and James Welling among othershas yet to clarify Goldsteins pivotal role. Jack Goldstein x 10,000 addresses these concerns through a critical analysis and presentation of more than 50 works of art, along with rare documents that provide a context for the re-evaluation of this body of work.
According to exhibition Curator Kaiser, "Goldsteins retrospective is significant precisely because his work embodies in exemplary fashion a fundamental paradigm shift in American art during the late 1970s. Given Goldsteins legacy and his increasing relevance to younger artists, this retrospective of his work is essential to the larger re-evaluation of post-1960s American art."
Goldstein studied in the late 1960s at the Chouinard Art Institute and then at the newly founded California Institute of the Arts under John Baldessari, where in 1972 he became one of the first recipients of a Cal Arts MFA. While still a student, and later as Baldessaris teaching assistant, Goldstein met a group of slightly younger artists, including David Salle, Matt Mullican, Welling and Troy Brauntuch, with whom he would come to be closely associated. This generation, intrigued by the power and mechanisms of representation in mass culture and inspired by Baldessaris teaching methods, began to work outside the framework of traditional media, and in his early years Goldstein was as well-known for performances and sound pieces as for his visual art. His oeuvre quickly developed across an unusual breadth of forms that includes film, photography, andafter he settled in New York in 1974highly seductive, large-scale photorealistic paintings of nocturnal atmospheric disturbances: lightning, fireworks, fighter jets, etc. Goldsteins importance as an artist remains entangled in arguments surrounding the overall significance of a generation-wide practice that took Postmodernist critique as an argument for its own legitimation. The exhibition underscores this dilemma, noting that Goldstein systematically eliminates every trace of his authorship, and this absence serves as a motif that runs through his entire body of work.
Jack Goldstein x 10,000 brings together 21 filmsnearly all he made and the largest number ever displayedspanning the years 1971 to 1983. As art critic and theorist Douglas Crimp recalls in the exhibition catalog, his experience of them, "Certainly it took me time to understand them. They were quite unlike any other films I'd seen up to that point." Although shortfrom just over half a minute to about seven minutesthe films tend to literalize the passage of time, often by requiring viewers to watch a single image or fragment that repeats itself over and over; although for a limited set determined by the artist, whereas, one filmMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer from 1975 repeats endlessly.
In A Ballet Shoe (1975), Goldstein depicts the foot of a dancer en pointe as the ribbon of her slipper is slowly untied by two anonymous hands. The dancer then slowly and smoothly descends from pointe. With little movement and only eight seconds, the image is more sculpture than film.
In this sequence of images, Crimp suggests, "a psychologized temporality is instituted: foreboding, premonition, suspicion, anxiety." As with much of his art, Goldstein creates the "there/not there" quality of his objects. The image appears, instantly disappears, and the viewer is left only with the memory of it, deficient, subject to revision, open to doubt. A dove's flight from the picture in White Dove (1975), paper butterflies flutter briefly, then stop in Some Butterflies (1975); the tracing paper that covers and then slips off of the Van Gogh reproduction in The Portrait of Père Tanguy (1974).
In the mid 1970s, Goldstein began making vinyl records as artworks, basing them on found recordings of sound effects of the type usually associated with the commercial film industry. While the films were based on performed events of the utmost simplicity, and directly engaged with presence and theatricality, Goldsteins records, drawn entirely from commercial archives, represent a link to Hollywood and Madison Avenue, but in a medium typically still associated with punk and the remnants of a counterculture. Helping to establish his cult reputation prior to his move to New York (and painting), the records, with titles like Lost Ocean Liner and Two Wrestling Cats, remain among the most contentious parts of his output Jack Goldstein x 10,000 includes a selection of 24 records with a listening station for visitors.
The largest portion of the exhibition is devoted to Goldsteins paintings, which are presented as extensions of his ongoing research into film language and syntax. A representative selection of 21 works on canvasincluding OCMA's Untitled from 1984demonstrate a thematic breadth and concentration, while retaining a distinct air of having been produced by a cipher (Goldstein generally employed moonlighting art students to do the actual painting).
Goldstein started making paintings in 1979, inspired in part by the critical backlash against painting that accompanied the dogma of post-modern outposts like the journal October, which had been instrumental in bringing attention to the Pictures generation. As with his films, the highly dramatic imagery in Goldstein's paintings derives exclusively from appropriated source, and they are painted with an airbrush, which lends them a photographic gloss. In their shiny impersonal surfaces, we witness not only the deliberate suppression of theirs authors persona, but also the presumed futility of having him even generate new images. In these works, Goldstein frames himself not as a painter in the heroic, modernist mold; but as a producer, the same role he had adopted in making his films of the 1970s.
With his paintings, Goldstein achieved a level of art-world success and visibility that in retrospect seems to have undermined his ability to sustain an artistic vocation. As an early beneficiary of the contemporary art boom of the 1980s, Goldstein, whose art was based in part on underscoring the marginality of artistic practice, soon became one of its first casualties. By the late 1980s, struggling with depression and a drug dependency, Goldstein returned to California, where he spent most of the next decade out of sight. He was planning an exhibition of new works in Los Angeles at the time of his death in 2003.
Two immersive installations in the exhibition demonstrate the full range of Goldsteins practice. Burning Window (1977) is a standard panel window installed on the front exterior wall of an empty, enclosed room. The wall with the window is painted red. The panes of the window are red textured plexiglass. Behind the window are flickering electric candles that simulate the appearance of fire. The window functions as a safe yet fragile barrier in front of which the world appears as a stylized inferno. This spectacle, which may be experienced as simultaneously real and cinematic illusion, calls into question the fundamental stability of visual experience.
A second installation, Sound Performance (1979), takes place in an empty white room with a ceiling painted deep blue. A speaker is installed in each of the upper corners of the room: two play the sound of a train arriving and two play the sound of a plane passing. The sound images invoke strong associations with each form of traveltrains arrive into the present while planes soar into the futureand these two contradictory mental pictures dislocate the viewers sense of space, time, and motion: one is coming to rest at a destination and the other is going elsewhere; one is physically grounded and the other is soaring into disembodied space. The blue ceiling within the installation space is a visual anchor that spatially unifies the two sound images and a reference to the theatricality of the event.
One aspect of Goldstein's career that has received little recognition is his writings. He wrote aphorisms and short texts from the early 70s until his passing and was read texts by philosophers and writers backwards, from which he appropriated fragments for his own works. The exhibition includes Goldsteins Aphorisms, and Totems produced between 1982 and 2002 as well as all 17 volumes of the artist's Selected Writings; works that have never been on public view until now. These will be displayed as large scale text directly on gallery walls, as framed type-written pages, and as books displayed in cases.